Hello everyone, we are going to present you story of the football :
This sport has existed for thousands years but it wasn't called like that, just the goal was similar :kick with feet a ball or a spherical object. It is an entartaining game very funny to play in team, it's not very complicated to play it. You don't need a specific ground or equipement. In general, the aim of the football (because it's a game to play in group), is to get closer to auther countries and to get an united mined.
Know we are going to talk about european internationals event :
In Europe, there is two very important championish :
-One of this championship gather the best town's european football club, the Champions League. Every years, there is the same team, for example :
PSG, Liverpool, Chelsea, Manchester city, Manchester United, Bayern de Munich, Real de Madrid, FC Barcelone ...
-The other one gather nationals european team, the most "popular" European teams are French football team, the one of Germany, Italy, Spain, England, Belgium, the Netherlands, Russia, ... Plus, the world cup 2018 takes place from June 14th to July 15th in Russia, it will be the 21th time. The openning match of the tournament confront Russian football team against the one of Saudi Arabia.
If you want to listen to the official music of the wordl cup 2018, click HERE
We hope that you enjoyed reading this article :D
DELORME Théophile and LEVY Adam
Laughing has now been scientifically prove to make you work better.Work can sometimes feel like a downer and seems as a non fun obligation but it is now easier due to laughing.
What is laughter? That's the question the work of the neuroscientist Robert Provine, he describes laughter as :“Laughter is the quintessential human social signal. Laughter is about relationships.”His works has proved that , we are 30 times more likelyb to laugh in groups of people than alone,Provine studied that when we laugh we tend to look at our situaton with a brighter and newer point of view;laughing tends to ease stress and pressure.
He also has based her work on animals anxious and relaxed state for her studies.
“Rats stop laughing if they feel anxious,” he says. “Humans do the same thing. It’s a sign if people are laughing that they’re not in that anxious state. It’s a marker than the group is in a good place”. This statement mean that, laughing in groups make you lower your protective mind and makes you more creative
A study led by two professor of Nortwestern University wanted to prove that laughing can help you solve puzzle and riddles,they showed few people a comic show then made them solve riddles and take a test.The comedy show has affected people by making them solve the riddle 20 % time faster.Why would this be ? Laughing increse you creativity and open your mind in a way the rigid side of your brain cannot.Stress is the number one ennemy of inventiveness and creativity so next time you have a really stressful day or need to be productive and creative just laugh a bit and do your best :)
Mina Bendada 208
The Nuclear Power Or The Destruction ?
The nuclear is used in several fields that contribute to improving the development in different countries. Indeed, the nuclear is used both in civil application such as medicine and production of electricity, and military application to produce nuclear bombs. However the nuclear has a great impact on the environment and on human being.
The nuclear is a great power source but it rejects radioactivity, thermal and chemical wastes which has great environmental impacts. At this moment, we don't know how to deal with these wastes. To do this, these wastes are buried underground or placed under the sea. So, there will be an impact on future generations. At La Hague (in France), 230 million liters of radioactive wastes are thrown in the sea every year. Sella Field (in UK) rejects 9 million liters in the Irish Sea. We are told that this is not dangerous however the seafood that is consumed concentrates the radioactivity. The release of radioactivity in the atmosphere is also damageable. This radioactivity is found in the air that we breath every day. Even small radiation exposition, may cause Thyroid cancers. Thyroid cancer is almost exclusively caused by radiation. This cancer may affect everyone living next to a nuclear plant. The leukemias are also due to radiation. Moreover, the nuclear plants are dangerous because a probability of nuclear accidents exists. The nuclear plants are not the only ones who can reject radioactivity. There is also the testing of nuclear bombs that must be stopped in order to preserve the environment of our planet. However the developped countries has signed the Treaty on the non proliferation of the nuclear weapons in 1968. But still many countries continued to run atomic trials until 1995 such as USA and France in Mururoa. Unfortunately some other countries are still working on like Iran or North Korea.
To conclute, Humanity plays with nuclear a dangerous game that may destroy Earth and all the inhabitants. So, the humanity should stop using nuclear.
Adam Sedhom 201
Hugo Rubio 204
Life Sentence is a new TV show comedy drama created by Erin Cardillo and Richard Keith where the main character is the beautiful Lucy Hale, known to have played in Pretty Little Liars, a famous serie among teenagers and in The Wizards of Waverly Place. Lucy Hale is also an actrice and composer-songwriter. Her partner on the serie, Elliot Knight is an actor not really known which appears in Once Upon A Time.
The serie, out on March the 7 of 2018, relates the story of a litte girl, called Stella, who knows since her 8 years that she is condamn by the cancer but everything change when she finds out that that the life she had was a veritable mascarade.
When she became a woman, she decided to leave her life and catch up with her family and her boyfriend but she will be confronted to the life difficulties.
A very tragical comedy that will please to sensitive souls and soppy persons ;)
Daphné VAZ & Chloé DA SILVA
Australia is a beautiful and amazing country that we really like. That's why we are going to talk about this country in this article. With its vast and varied landscapes, unique wildlife, and white-sand beaches, Australia is one of the most interesting country around. There are many reasons why you should go in Australia :
- Australia have a lot of magnificient beaches range with transparent water.
- The inevitable Kangaroo Island, it is a Garden of Eden. The only way to go in, is a short plane or ferry from Adelaide.
- Beautiful deserts, a land of bright red unending.
- Australia have several very big tropical forests just like Daintree National Park.
- Even with its tropical forest, beaches range or big desert you can also go skiing thanks to australian mountains.
- Australia has its own version of the Grand Canyon in the red deserts of Watarrka National Park in the rugged Northern Territory.
- Australia have amazing surf spot just like the beach named Surfers Paradise
- You can't miss the incredible view from the Harbor Bridge in Sydney.
We hope that you had or you will have the chance to go in this gorgeous country.
Anna VERDEIL et Lucas LUSSEAU 208
"Love, Simon" is a modern day rom-com that made an outburst in medias and an impact on today's youth. Most rom-coms are about a straight guy falling in love with a straight girl and that's pretty much it all the time. This movie is not completely different but it has a twist. The main character Simon is gay and the story is all about him falling in love with this other guy and about his coming out. Yes, it is full of clichés but Simon's story melted everyone's heart. The fact that the main character is gay made the movie a lot more special because unfortunately, today's mainstream movies never really talk about the LGBTQ community. The fact that Simon was a teenage boy, mad an even bigger impact on the american youth. Thanks to this movie, many teens across the US and even other countries were encouraged to make their coming out.
Simon showed teens that being gay didn't make him any different than the other kids at his school. He made his way to his to his coming-out with a lot of humor wich made the movie even more popular. This rom-com is a must in your movie list, we absolutely loved it!
by Coline LEBLANC and Juliette LELLOUCHE SLAMA
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela was a firebrand activist who fought the apartheid regime in South Africa.
Unfortunately we learned about the death of Winnie Mandela. "She succumbed peacefully in the early hours of Monday afternoon surrounded by her family and loved ones," the family said.
We dedicate this article to her life, in tribute to Mrs. Madikizela-Mandela.
Here is a selection of some quotes said by Winnie Mandela
On what prison did to her:
"The years of imprisonment hardened me... I no longer have the emotion of fear... There is no longer anything I can fear. There is nothing the government has not done to me. There isn't any pain I haven't known."
This quote from the book Lives of Courage: Women for a New South Africa highlights the fact that Winnie Mandela was brutalised by the apartheid regime.
She was imprisoned on different times, much of the time she was in solitary confinement. Unfortunately, this ordeals left important scars on her everyday life.
On how black people will achieve freedom:
"With our boxes of matches and our necklaces we will liberate this country."
This quote is a reference to the metod of "necklacing".Sensitive souls be careful: Necklacing is a method in which people put a tyre around suspected collaborators, dousing them with petrol and burning them alive.
But this quote especially shows that Mrs. Mandikizela-Mandela approved this. This shocked a lot of people all around the world and also tainted the image of the ANC.
On loving Nelson Mandela:
"I had so little time to love him. And that love has survived all these years of separation… perhaps if I'd had time to know him better I might have found a lot of faults, but I only had time to love him and long for him all the time."
Nelson and Winnie Mandela were the most celebrated political couple in South Africa. Despite their separation, they were loving each other, this shows their unconditional love while they were together.
On why se kept the "Mandela" name after their divorce:
"I am a product of the masses of my country. I am the product of my enemy."
They divorced in 1996, two years after Mandela became South Africa's first black president.
"The overwhelming majority of women accept patriarchy unquestioningly and even protect it, working out the resultant frustrations not against men but against themselves in their competition for men as sons, lovers and husbands. Traditionally the violated wife bides her time and off-loads her built-in aggression on her daughter-in-law. So men dominate women through the agency of women themselves."
Winnie Mandela was seen as a feminist icon. Moreover, in 1993 she became the leader of the women's wing of the ANC. She was convinced that women were suffering of a "triple yoke of oppression" composed of their sex,colour and class.
On the ANC in government:
"I believe something is very wrong with the history of our country, and how we have messed up the African National Congress."
Mrs. Madikizela-Mandela became disillusioned with the ANC (this movement took power in 1994).
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela was a firebrand activist who fought the apartheid regime in South Africa. She was far more militant than South Africa's first black president, her ex-husband Nelson Mandela. She also became a critic of the African National Congress (ANC), the party to which she was fiercely loyal throughout her political life.
Don't hesitate to click on the words in orange in order to have a translation/definition or to see the content linked.
Please give us your advice in the comments!
LORI Emma and LE GOFF Ewann
The South African anti-apartheid campaigner died at the age of 81.She passed away at the Netcare Milpark Hospital in Johannesburg after a long illness , the ex wife of Nelson Mandela was known as the "Mother of the Nation" because of her struggle against white-minority rules in South Africa.She was married to Nelson Mandela for 38 years, including the 27 years he was imprisoned near Cape Town, the couple got divorced in 1996.
Madikizela-Mandela was a member of South Africa's parliament at the time of her death, she led an international campaign calling for the release of her now former husband. Althoug she has helped build a new and more egal political system during her lifetime, she was also linked to many scandals over the years; In 1988, her bodyguards, kidnapped four boys members of another anti-apartheid party. One of them was found dead a few days later.
Even after her election to the parliament ,her post as ANC president ,her job as deputry arts and science minister she kept provoking controversies for the rest of her life, clashing ANC presidents (Africa Nationnal Congress),and being accused of minor crimes.
Despite her controversial past she still is an icon for south african and still has the right and will be remembered.
Mina BENDADA 208
James Bond 25
The new James Bond 007 movie is coming in 2019 (November 8th).
Danny Boyle (Trainspotting, Slumdog Millionaire, Sunshine) is confirmed as the new director.
This is the 25th James Bond so one may wait something ambitious. The idea of taking an older movie and make it more modern may be an idea to mark the event.
The bond 25 director is Danny Boyle
Daniel Craig said that he was excited at the prospect of Danny Boyle being the director. They have already worked together during the 2012 Olympic Games opening ceremony when he jumped out of a helicopter with "The Queen".
Boyle said: "We’ve got an idea, John Hodge, the screenwriter, and I have got this idea, and John is writing it at the moment. And it all depends on how it turns out. It would be foolish of me to give any of it away." This confirms the name of the screenwriter but nothing else.
Bond 25: Daniel Craig is back!
He is back for the fifth time following his starring roles in Casino Royale, Quantum of Solace, Skyfall and Spectre.
But unfortunately Daniel Craig is back for his final movie as the MI6 agent. To quote him "I just want to go out on a high note".
The bond 25 theme might be Beyonce-made
Being in charge of a Bond theme "is one of the biggest achievements in the entertainment business".
If the UK press is to believed Beyonce is being lined up for the next movie.
The Bond 25 trailer
Unfortunately, you'll have to wait a year and a half to see this movie. In order to give you an advance taste you will be probably able to see the first trailer between April 2019 and June 2019. But this is just a prediction based on the release date of the previous movies.
It seems like an eternity away, but the new James Bond 007 movie - number 25 overall - is coming in 2019. November 8, 2019 to be precise. We know Daniel Craig is back, and that Bond 25 will be his final movie as the seemingly immortal MI6 agent.
Don't hesitate to click on the words in orange in order to have a translation/definition or to see the content linked.
Please give us your advice in the comments!
Emma LORI and Ewann LE GOFF
Sergueï Skripal (in russian Серге́й Скрипаль) was a double agent who worked for the United Kingdom during the 90's. He was born in 1951 in Russia. In 2004 he was arrested by the Russia's Federal Security Service for high treason, indeed he worked for the services of intelligence of the United Kingdom, he will released by an exchange of prisoners.
Because of his acts he has been poisoned with his daughter Yulia by the Russia's Federal Security Service, this attack injured a policeman in a restaurant of London on march 4th 2018. Russia is the suspect number one. Because of these suspicions the allies of the United Kingdom gave sanctions to the Russia. Indeed because of this murder, the United Kingdom ejected 23 russian ambassadors and his allies more then 300. The Russia has responded with the expulsion of 150 international diplomates.
This story was very interesting because of its consequences.
Melvyn NZENGA TAYOU